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Part of being prepared is being well informed. Do you know what types of disasters you may have to face?

Maybe it’s all of the above. Nobody can anticipate everything, but if you’ve considered your risks you’ll be in better shape to respond to whatever emergency may happen.

Test Your Disaster IQ

How are most wildfires started?

Most wildfires are started by people burning trash carelessly. Help reduce wildfires:

(Source: Texas Forest Service)

Learn more about wildfires

What is the leading cause of deaths during floods?

Half of all flooding-related deaths are caused when people drive into flooded roads. Water can look like it’s only a few inches deep when it’s really several feet deep. If you see water on the road – turn around, don’t drown. (Source: National Weather Service)

Learn more about floods

When was the last flu pandemic?

A pandemic is when a disease spreads around the world. In the last 100 years, there have been four flu pandemics. The last one was in 2009-10. The others were in 1968-69, 1957-58 and 1918-19. During that pandemic, one-third of the world’s population caught the flu, and 50 million people died. (Source: Centers for Disease Control)

Learn more about pandemic flu

What is carbon monoxide and why is it dangerous after a disaster?

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a gas in the air that can be produced by generators. You can’t see it or smell it. CO is deadly when it gets trapped indoors. If you use a generator after a disaster, always place it far away from open windows and doors so the CO will escape into the air instead of building up inside your home. Gas and charcoal grills also produce CO; never use them indoors. (Source: DSHS)

How many tornadoes strike Texas each year?

Would you guess 50, 100, or more? On average, 137 tornadoes strike Texas each year – more than in any other state. That means Texans need to learn about tornadoes and get prepared. In Oklahoma, there are 47 tornado strikes each year; 36 in Kansas; and none in Alaska. (Source: National Weather Service)

Learn more about tornadoes

Do you live in Flash Flood Alley?

Several million Texans do. The worst flash floods in the country happen in Central Texas. The region’s steep hills and rocky soil create the right conditions for floodwaters to rise quickly and move very fast. Flash Flood Alley includes the Hill Country and parts of San Antonio, New Braunfels, San Marcos, Austin, Temple, Killeen and Waco. (Source: National Weather Service)

Learn more about floods

What is the number-one cause of hurricane deaths?

If you think hurricanes are just a problem for people who live on the coast, think again. In the U.S., flooding from rainfall causes more deaths during hurricanes than rising seawater. When hurricanes strike, even people who live far away from the coast need to be prepared. In areas of the world where evacuation isn’t common, rising seawater is the number-one killer. (Source: NOAA)

Learn more about hurricanes